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ARTICLE SUMMARY PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to determine the role that gender plays in preschoolers perception of emotion The underlying theory is that a persons gender plays a role in the emotion children attribute to that person PARTICIPANTS The participants included 80 children 40 boys 40 girls between the ages of 40 and 511 The girls mean age was 58 months SD 517 range 49 to 71 months Mean age of girls did not differ significantly from that of boys t1 78 181 ns The sample was ethnically diverse representing the population of the city in which the study took place Vancouver BC Canada METHOD The materials used were two sets of black and white pictures of a face that was not clearly masculine nor clearly feminine The pictures were created using Morph a computer program which creates a sequence in which one face gradually changes into the other The pictures were selected according to facial expression and coded with the Facial Action Coding System FACS In the end there were 6 different computer-generated faces each having facial expressions coded as having emotions showing neutral happiness fear anger disgust and sadness Of the six two versions of each were created one with a boys hairstyle and another with a girls hairstyle The children were randomly assigned to either the male set of pictures or the female set of pictures Prior to the labeling tasks each childs emotion concepts were primed during a conversation with the experimenter about emotions Four stories describing stereotypical emotion-eliciting events and responses were read to the children The children were shown a drawing depicting a setting for each story while the story was being read The experimenter introduced the faces while telling the particular story that was created beforehand The children were then asked how they thought the person in the picture felt RESULTS According to the article emotion and mode of presentation were within-subject
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