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In his article The False Promise of International Institutions John Mearsheimer argues that international institutions are unrelated to political stability and do not have any major influence on issues of war and peace In this essay I will attempt to prove through historical evidence that in fact international institutions have not become the international stabilizers they were designed to be therefore they can not be expected to maintain sustainable peace and world order Mearsheimer defines institutions as a set of rules that stipulate the ways in which states should cooperate and compete with each other Mearsheimer p8 In his essay he refers to the three theories of institutionalism in order to illustrate his lack of confidence in the effectiveness of international institutions The first liberal institutionalism emphasizes economic and environmental cooperation as a means to avoid war The second collective security deals with preventing war by rejecting the use of force by the immediate squashing of any threat of war disallowing states to act out of self interest and by using the joint forces of states to combat antagonists The third critical theory takes a revolutionary approach and strives to change the structure of politics in order to make cooperation inevitable and create circumstances for lasting peace Mearsheimer p14 15 Mearsheimer disagrees with the competence of institutionalism because states when dealing with international politics cannot be divorced from their natural tendencies to follow the concepts of realism According to realism states in the international system fear each otheraim to guarantee their own survival and aim to maximize their relative power positions over other states Mearsheimer p11 Mearsheimer claims that although conditions for stability and cooperation have occurred cooperation among states has its limits mainly because it is constrained by the dominating logic of security competition which no amount of cooperation can eliminate Mearsheimer p9 In theory the concept of international institutions used to govern international affairs is
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