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Roger Tomess compelling article entitled The Reason for the Syro-Ephraimite War presents his counter argument to the usual explanation concerning the reasons for the Syro-Ephraimite War Although many modern scholars assert the position that the war was connected to the international politics of the period Tomes argues that this is merely a possibility and that in his view the war was actually fought over local causes The argument which Tomes is attempting to discredit comes directly from the Old Testament and has never been seriously questioned It is said that the reason for the Syro-Ephraimite War was an alliance of the Israelite king Pekah and king Rezon of Syria formed to fight the king of Judah Ahaz in order to coerce Ahaz to enter a coalition against Assyria Tomes begins by discrediting the work done by Michael Thompson and Stuart Irvine Both authors credit Joachim Bergrichs 1929 article as being the first to express the opinion that the Syro-Ephraimite War was connected with the international politics of the time and it had only one aim to force Judah to join the anti-Assyrian coalition so that it should not remain a pro-Assyrian enclave in the area stretching from southern Syria to Egypt Tomes states that the position of these scholars as well as others who contend that the war was due to international policies is more often stated rather than argued Furthermore Tomes states that Joachim Begrich was not the first to assert the before mentioned position In fact Tomes says that this position was first asserted by August Knobel in his commentary on Israel published in 1843 Tomes cites Isaiah Hosea and 2 Kings to assert his theory that the Syro-Ephraimite War was fought in order to strengthen the coalition against Assyria Tomes calls Knobels argument an exegetical one In short Knobels argument examines all the evidence relating to relations with Assyria and attempts to put them all together in a way which makes sense
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