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This assignment will examine both why and how the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC radio services are different to those of commercial radio The origins and history of the ABC will be given as will that of commercial radio in Australia The reasons the two differ will then be detailed combining with why these differences existence In 1924 the Sykes Committee made recommendations about how broadcasting should be organised in Britain It suggested that the wavebands available in any country as a valuable form of public property should be operated only in the public interest Cunningham Turner 2002 Pg 331 These suggestions saw Britain establish broadcasting as a non-commercial monopoly The United States however did not establish broadcasting under the protection of the state A set of privately owned commercially run organisations were created Streeter 1996 Australia along with Canada choose to combine elements of both models creating a broadcasting service which saw radio and television feature both a public service and a commercial sector Cunningham Turner 2002 Pg 331 The ABC and Special Broadcasting Service SBS gained its origins and principles from the British Broadcasting Corporation BBC which was founded in the 1920s Cunningham Turner 2002 Pg 330 The ABC first aired in 1932 It was intended to draw the country together by bringing radio of special quality importance and relevance to all Australians Cunningham Turner 2002 Pg 143 Public Service Broadcasting PSB is represented in Australia by the ABC and SBS and is designed as a public service to provide cultural moral and educative force for the improvement on knowledge taste and manners Scannell and Cardiff 1991 Pg 7 The ABC currently operates several radio stations Their rural network extends across the country and is combined with local metropolitan stations which
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