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The building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 was unjustified because it created a division between the people of Germany and violated their freedoms The construction of the Berlin Wall was unethical because it destroyed thousands of peoples lives and killed over one hundred The whole purpose of the wall was to block the access of the people from the East Berlin to West Berlin Heaps 21 On the 27th of November 1958 Berlin was the scene of another international crisis when Nikita Khrushchev issued an ultimatum to the three western powers giving them six months to turn West Berlin into a demilitarized free city Khrushchev 453 This ultimatum marked the start of a long crisis which came to a head with the building of the Wall Talks on Berlin between the Soviets and the West first in Geneva May-August 1959 then in Paris May 1960 and finally in Vienna June 1961 failed to produce results Khrushchev 457 Meanwhile tension continued to rise around Berlin as refugees continued to flock out of East Germany destabilizing the regime Walter Ulbricht repeatedly asked Khrushchev for permission to take radical steps At the meeting of Communist Party heads in Moscow on the 5th of August he finally got what he wanted closure of the border between East and West Berlin Khrushchev 455 Two days later Khrushchev announced in a radio broadcast that this handy escape route via West Berlin absolutely had to be closed This disturbing news instilled fear of the closing door among would-be escapees and a further upsurge in the number of refugees over four thousand on the 12th of August alone The building of the wall began at around 4 pm on the 12th of August In preparation for this operation 40 kilometers 25 mi of barbed wire and thousands of posts were stored in barracks The police and workers militia set up in the wake of the
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