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Word Count: 900
Miranda v Arizona This infamous Supreme Court case of 1966 deals with the rights of accused This case mainly encompasses ones Fifth Amendment right to not incriminate ones self Ernest Miranda a twenty-three year old drifter who had not completed the ninth grade was arrested at his home and taken directly to a Phoenix Arizona police station There after being identified by the victim of a rape-kidnapping he was taken to an interrogation room where he was questioned about the crimes At first Miranda maintained his innocence but after two hours of questioning the police emerged from the room with a signed written confession of guilt At his trial the written confession was admitted into evidence and Miranda was found guilty of kidnapping and rape The United States Supreme Court was then faced with Mirandas claim that the confession was self-incrimination in violation of his constitutional rights The polices admission that neither before nor during the questioning had Miranda had been advised of his right to consult with an attorney before answering any questions or his right to have an attorney present during the interrogation solidified Mirandas argument The Supreme Court was to consider the constitutionality of this case The Court decided that prosecutors could not use statements stemming from interrogation unless proper procedure such as the notification to the accused of his right to refuse to answer the questions given by the police and his right to have an attorney present was followed The ruling was in favor of Miranda 5-4 The decision of the Miranda case has three parts which have changed the procedures of police stations in the United States The Court ruled that the Fifth Amendment privilege is available outside of court proceedings and serves to protect persons in all settings from being coerced to incriminate themselves The privilege also applies to questioning after the accused has been taken in to custody The Court also ruled that a confession
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