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Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed in 1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act was not passed because of fear of increasing population the United States It was passed because of racism It was also passed because Americans were scared of losing their jobs Chinese were sought for jobs in mines and railroads Racial tensions increased as more and more Chinese emigrated occupied jobs and created competition for jobs The Chinese came to America in search of opportunities Others fled China because of economic problems The Gold Rush happened during a period of poverty in China which encouraged the Chinese to emigrate to the US In California the Chinese newcomers soon became an exploited work force especially since they were predominantly male but the wages they received in the economy were better then the ones they received in China Many Chinese became miners and some developed the laundry business Owners of the Southern Pacific Railroad who sought to complete the transcontinental railroad imported thousands of Chinese because they were patient and cheap Opposition in California was both immediate and strong During the Gold Rush thousands of Americans from the East began to have nativists attitudes Also non- American whites who had suffered from Eastern nativism attacked the Chinese in order to elevate their status Many Chinese immigrants faced discrimination from many different groups American miners felt that the hard- working and low- paid Chinese were reducing their wages Americans claimed that jobs were scarce and that the Chinese were stealing their only jobs The Americans also believed that the Chinese were sending
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