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The Centrally Planned Economy in the former Soviet Union Introduction In October of 1917 the world saw Lenin and the Bolsheviks take power in Russia Lenin did not however have exact economic plans for Russia since Marx never provided a blueprint for a communist state and its economy Marx saw society progress naturally through various stages of development ie primitive society slavery feudalism capitalism socialism and eventually communism Marx essentially provided a critique of capitalism but socialism was only vaguely defined According to Marx there was to be the conscious social regulation of production opposed to the anarchy of a free market the common ownership of the means of production distribution according to work as opposed to need under communism Soon after Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized power they proceeded to take over banks foreign trade and industries like iron and steel that were essential to industrialize the state All land became state owned and the market system was substituted with a centrally planned economy CPE or a command economy The Soviet Union planned on catching up and surpassing capitalist states since it was the only socialist country in an area where capitalism was very present that is to say that the White Army was being supplied by capitalist countries during 1918-1919 Stalin was well aware of the need to catch up to capitalists In 1931 Stalin made a speech where he was quoted as saying We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries We must make good this distance in ten years Either we do it or we shall go under Stalins goals were to be reached by implementing a planned strategy and managing it within an institutional framework Stalin believed that it was possible to achieve socialism in one country even though Marx had stated that socialism could only work if all states were to become socialist then according to Marx could the world move towards
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