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CENTURY OF FURNACE The 18th century was the Century of the Furnace and industrial revolution glowed China India and West In Europe there were new ways of thinking strengthened and disrupted Also American Revolution strained between Europe and colonies In Finland mission was calculate the shape of the world French Academy sponsored Pierre de Maupertuis led an expedition to the Arctic Circle to settle an argument about the shape of the Earth They believed that power of the science could solve every problem The problem was world was it flattened or shaped like a lemon They went to Tornio River Valley to determine the shape of the world After six months Maupertuis found that the distance between two points along a line of longitude was greater than expected Also they had established the truth If the Earth were round all these distances would have been the same On November 1 1755 Lisbon Portugal there was earthquake and more than 10000 died in the Lisbon earthquake Some people thought that that was divine justice and some of them thought that opportunity to reorganize society on rational principles Pombal who was a prime minister of Portugal supervised the rebuilding of Lisbon Then Lisbon became a symbol of the movement known as the Enlightenment The Enlightenment ideal was a universe comprehended by science and reason The cult of reason itself took on the characteristics of a religion By the latter years of the 18th century romanticism had ransacked the traditional airs of Enlightenment In 1768 Thomas Jefferson began to build Monticello his tribute to the European Enlightenment He believed that native peoples uncorrupted by modern influences possessed their own wisdom Dissatisfaction with colonial status and the burden of taxation began to grow along with a common identity
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