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In Europe at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth a significant change was taking place in the perception description definition and ordering of medical knowledge It is during this time that John Brown 1735-1788 founded the Brunonian system or theory of medicine According to which physical life consists in a peculiar excitability the normal excitement produced by all the agents which affect the body constituting the healthy condition while all diseases arise either from deficiency or from excess of excitement and must be treated with stimulants or sedatives Basically John Brown developed a new school of therapy which simplified matters for the modern physicians and allowed medicine to be practiced on a whole new level Two of the most important sources for the life of John Brown are the accounts by Thomas Beddoes a Bristol physician and that by Browns son William Cullen Brown John Brown was born in 1735 or 36 in the town of Buncle in the county of Berwick in Scotland note Browns early biographers give conflicting accounts of the date and village of his birth Born to poor parents Brown did not have too many options and was apprenticed to a weaver He soon left his employment however and went to a nearby grammar school because as his son put it to one so highly cultivated it may be readily conceived how truly disgusting the sordid life of one of the lowest mechanical businesses must have proved Brown is credited with a reputation for great physical and mental strength Soon after he went to Edinburgh and entered the divinity classes at the university supporting himself by private tuition In 1759 he seems to have discontinued his theological studies and to have begun the study of medicine He soon attracted the notice of William Cullen who engaged him as private tutor to his family and treated him in some respects as
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