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Word Count: 600
Formation of Nation A formation of nation occurs when a state has a unified administrative reach over the territory over which its sovereignty is claimed The development of a plurality of nations is basic to the centralization and administrative expansion of state domination internally Therefore the nation-state which exists in a complex of other nation-states is a set of institutional forms of governance maintaining an administrative monopoly over an economic political social and cultural territory with demarcated borders its rule being sanctioned by law and direct control of the means of internal and external violence exists when a state has a unified administrative reach over the territory over Many states were formed at a point in time when people sharing a common history culture and language discovered a sense of identity This was true in the cases of England and France for example which were the first nation-states to emerge in the modern period and of Italy and Germany which were established as nation-states in the 19th century In contrast however other states such as India the Soviet Union and Switzerland came into existence without a common basis in race culture or language It must also be emphasized that contemporary nation-states were creations of different historical periods and of varied circumstances Before the close of the 19th century the effective mobilization of governmental powers on a national basis had occurred only in Europe the United States and Japan The truest symbol of its importance is the printing press For one thing this invention enormously increased the resources of government which the fact that the printing press increased the size of the educated and literate classes Renaissance civilization thus took a quantum jump acquiring deeper foundations than any of its predecessors or contemporaries by calling into play the intelligence of more individuals than ever before After printing press increased each state-nation needed to have its own vernacular language in order to represent to its nation This
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