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Ancient Chinese Medicine Chinese medicine was an effort made by several people which contributed to the advancement in this field The Book of Rites a manual for ceremonies written in the Zhou dynasty 1100 BC -256 BC records the court physicians division of medical teaching into internal medicine surgery nutrition and veterinary practice The Yellow Emperors Canon of Internal Medicine which appeared during the Warring States period 475- 221 BC systematically presented what was known in China of physiology pathology diagnostics treatment and preventive medicine Bian Que a noted doctor at that time was the first man in the world to use the pulse for diagnosis In the first century came Shen Nongs Cannon on Materia Medica Chinas earliest book on pharmacology compiled systematically Hua Tuo was also a famous doctor in the 2nd century that applied an anesthetic powder in abdominal surgery The Chinese believed that disease could be cured by the restoration of harmony and balance between the five basic elements of earth water fire wood and metal They also believed that all human beings were made up of two sorts of energy Yin and Yang which together with blood constituted the vital substance which circulated the body Yin is dark moist and female while Yang is masculine light and dry Illness was caused by an imbalance between Yin and Yang Balance could be achieved by methods such as acupuncture which were used to control the flow of energy within the body Another method used in Chinese medicine was moxibustion This involved placing a cone of Moxa the powdered leaves of the Mugwort plant on particular acupuncture points letting them think of other things and forget their addictions This was believed to increase the amount of Yang in the body which was needed for health Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM has been practised in Asia for over 5000 years It is not surprising therefore that between 65 to 80 percent of
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