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The Chicano View on Mexican Immigration The Chicano View of Mexican Immigration During the 1970s Mexican Americans were involved in a large social movement called the Chicano movement Corresponding with the great development of the black civil rights movement Mexican Americans began to take part in a series of different social protests in which they demanded equal rights for themselves Composed mainly of Mexican American students and youth these activists focused on maintaining a pride for their culture as well as their ethnicity to fuel their political campaign Left out of this campaign initially though were Mexican immigrants As is made clear in the writings of David Gutierrez since the beginning of large amounts of Mexican immigration Mexican Americans have opposed supporting Mexican immigrants In fact Mexican Americans had predominantly been some of the main supporters of immigration reform and sanction Historically much of this concern has been based upon Mexican Americans belief that Mexican immigrants undercut their already tenuous socioeconomic position in the United States by depressing wages competing for employment housing and social services and reinforcing negative stereotypes about Mexicans among Anglo-Americans Gutierrez 177 Mexican Americans felt as though this competition was holding them back from growth and development within American society even though they were citizens This negativity towards immigrants by Mexican Americans was also sparked by the fact that there were separations and differences between the two groups in class stratification regional attachments and subtle differences in customs and language usage Gutierrez 178 These ideas were strong and were held during some of the Chicano movement but they were not held throughout it As the movement continued many young Mexican Americans began to change their opinions and reassess the significance of the ethnic heritage for their own sense of identity Gutierrez 177 They adopted and promoted the new identity of Chicano which established strong symbolic ethnic boundaries for young Mexican Americans who explicitly and stridently rejected the notion of inherent Anglo-American
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