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Word Count: 407
The Decline and the End of the Byzantine Empire Alina Ybarra-Rojas 10599 The Byzantine Empire began to collapse during the 500s due to a number of wars religious disputes and the death Justinian After Justinians death barbarians attacked the empire on all fonts Lombards from Germany seized parts of Italy and Slavs and Avars invaded the Balkan Peninsula Persian invasions weakened the empire during the late 500s A new enemy attacked the weakened empire in 634 when Muslim Arabs invaded its Middle Eastern territory By 642 the Arabs had conquered Syria Palestine and Egypt By the early 700s the Byzantine Empire consisted only of Asia Minor the Balkan coast Crete and other Greek Islands southern Italy and Sicily In the 700s Byzantine emperors tried to end the worship of images of Jesus Christ and the saints Churches in the western part of the empire opposed to this action The dispute furthered the split of the empire The empire began to expand again and decades past before there were any major quarrels among the Byzantine people It wasnt until 1054 that a quarrel with the west began That year a dispute over the popes authority in the empire led to a break between the churches in the western and eastern sections By 1071 the Normans had taken southern Italy and the Seljuk Turks had invaded Asia Minor Emperor Alexius Comnenus asked the Christians of Western Europe to help defend the empire against the Turks The Turks had invaded the Holy Land in addition to the Byzantine Empire These military expeditions were known as the crusades During the first crusade crusaders regained the coastal regions of Asia Minor Later crusaded resulted in increased tension between the Byzantine and the west European Christians In 1204 during the 4th crusade religious hatred
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