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This essay will be focusing on the concept of democracy and representative government It will be discussing whether we have a democratic government or not in this modern era and whether democracy is attainable in modern developed societies There is a debate as to whether modern democracies represent their citizens or protect individual liberties Some theories of the state argue that democrats only serve the interests of an elite or a capitalist class The term democracy originated from Greece the Greek word for it is kratos meaning power or rule The term generally means Rule by the people There are diverse numbers of meanings ascribed to democracy and so can be difficult to provide a fixed definition Heywood 200368 The word rule can be ambiguous as it could be said that in any strict sense the many cannot rule on the other hand in any loose sense the many cant rule and usually will in any political system There are various meaning that are attached to the phrase rule of the people One of the strongest meanings of the phrase is that all should govern in the sense that all should be involved in legislating in deciding on general policy in applying laws and governmental administration Lively 197529 An important part of democracy is the principle of political equality political power should be spread equally and evenly as possible The term demos was usually referred to the many by the Greek writers which are the people who have no property and disadvantaged Therefore democracy didnt show political equality Political participation in Greek cites was given to only a small part of the population Male citizens over the age of twenty could participate this excluded women slaves and foreigners Voting had restrictions as well such as property qualifications until well into the twentieth century One crucial restriction that occurs in all democratic systems is the exclusion of children from political participation In ancient
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