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Word Count: 918
Liberalism is the leading and background theory in contemporary political ideologies As Bellamy states twentieth-century liberalism has a broad area from New Right conservatives to democratic socialists it makes everyone seems a liberal One of its major critics is communitarianism Communitarianism sees individuals as strongly linking in community and their debates with liberalisms are basically founded in the contemporary liberal John Rawlss theory and especially focus on his milestone book A Theory of Justice This book awakened a new look to political theory during 1970s and it continues Most of liberalisms critics or defenders rely on Rawlss theories or related theories In this article I prepare to introduce the both political philosophies and clarify some crucial debates from communitarianism to Rawls Firstly I like to make a brief introduction to contemporary liberalism particularly on Rawlss theory of justice and his principle of justice Secondly I will illustrate communitarians main ideas and their arguments with Rawls which are the questions to Rawlss original position and individualism Finally I will give my opinions to the debates and defend Rawls by following Rawlss contexts The Features of Contemporary Liberalism The characters of modern liberalism could not be specifically defined but we can consult the fine explanation given by John Gray 1986 x It is individualist in that it asserts the moral primacy of the person against the claims of any social collectivity egalitarian inasmuch as it confers on all men the same moral status and denies the relevance to legal or political order of differences in moral worth among human beings universalist affirming the moral unity of the human species and according a secondary importance to specific historic associations and cultural forms and meliorist in its affirmation of the corrigibility and improvability of all social institutions and political arrangements No matter which extreme side of liberalisms area modern liberalism insists and preserves the concepts of equality liberty rights individuality and rationality We can see
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