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Word Count: 808
The Congress of Vienna in 1815 faced and tried to overcome a lot of difficulties rose from the war enterprises of Napoleon across Europe but principally the delegates found themselves in front of new ideas born form Enlightenment and from the French Revolution These ideas were basically freedom equality democratic and republican thought liberalism and socialism through the writings of the Utopians such as More or Campanella and Babeuf Frances delegate Talleyrand was able to show his country as a victim of Napoleons despotism and he could set a limit to the penalties a strong tag an army of occupation directly on the French territory the loss of Alsace-Lorraine in favor of the German Confederation and the prohibition of creating an army Talleyrand was successful to preserve Frances dignity and to place it among the other great Powers of Europe The most important author of the new European structure was the Austria Chancellor Klemens von Metternich supporter of the monarchical idea and of the pre-revolutionary nationalism who was also acting president of the Congress He believed in the legitimism and in the traditionalism the first connected to the idea of monarchy given from divine right and the second which consisted in the existence of an immutable hierarchic order Russia an another great Power with a strong monarchical tradition was represented directly by the Tsar Alexander I who obtained important territories such as a big part of the Reign of Poland while Britain maybe in the early XIX century the most powerful state but with the most problems of internal stability was represented by Lord Castlereagh who obtained few colony previously belonged to France The last Power which took part in the Congress of Vienna was Prussia represented by the Chancellor and by the king Frederick Willem III Prussia was on the point of creating a main role in the German Confederation The Congress of Vienna developed around five main points the balance
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