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Word Count: 640
1How would you characterize different conceptions of government and authority in the work of Confucius and Hammurabis code How would you account for the differences Contrasting the opposing viewpoints of how Confucius and Hammurabi viewed government and authority is analogous to comparing democracy to dictatorship Confucius advocated a government in which the sovereign is benevolent and honorable and the subjects are respectful and compliant Respect however should be earned and thus a leaders objectives must be those that will benefit his people Such a government would be more susceptible to the needs of the people Hammurabis code on the other hand is very rigid and strict Hammurabi proclaims himself to be infallible and his words are absolute The code is very straightforward and specific The difference of Hammurabi and ConfuciusEposition on how to run a government stems from the fact that the viewpoints of each come from two different types of occupations Confucius was a philosopher and Hammurabi was a ruler and their positions in each of their societies reflect their ideology Differing opinions always clash A philosopher is a reflective thinker He pursues wisdom by intellectual investigation He looks at the world around him and tries to find the underlying reality A ruler must also take these things into consideration but he also must keep order and peace These differences in objectives lead to disagreement between the two positions As a philosopher Confucius is able to observe his society and reflect upon what he deems is beneficial to his people He advises If you lead people by means of government and keep order among them by means of punishment the people are without conscience in evading them If you lead them by means of virtue and keep order among them by means of ritual they have a conscience and moreover will submitE Confucius is saying that the more inflexible and totalitarian a government is the more people will rebel In contrast Hammurabi
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