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Chapter 3-Criminal Law and Criminal Offences 31-32 1Why does criminal law exist The law exists to protect people as a society and as individuals 2Name 3 purposes that Canadians feel can be fulfilled by criminal law Protect people and property Discourage potential offenders For retribution 3What are some of the possible causes of crime Poverty drug addiction 4Why does Parliament decide to make certain actions criminal Parliament declares certain actions to be criminal to reflect the values and wishes of society 5Give 3 examples of laws enacted in the past few years that indicate societys changing values andor concerns Prohibitions against such actions as obtaining body samples for DNA testing Illegal use of computer data Penalties for drinking and driving 6List the conditions that must exist for an action to be considered a crime according to the Law Reform Commission of Canada The action must be considered wrong The action must cause harm to other people to society or to those who need protection such as minors The harm must be serious in both nature and degree The harm must be dealt with through the mechanism of criminal law 33 1What is the origin of Canadian criminal law the English case law system with slight modifications by English statues 2Why was the federal government given jurisdiction over criminal law The Constitution Act 1867 gave the Parliament of Canada exclusive jurisdiction over the criminal law except the constitution of courts of criminal jurisdiction but including the procedure in criminal matters Meaning the Provinces were to establish the criminal courts and the federal government was to determine how they operated 3What are quasi-criminal laws An offence against certain provincial laws not part of federal criminal law Ex traffic offences 4 Where can one find the most common crimes and their penalties In the Criminal Code 5Outline 3 ways that the judiciary influences our criminal law aInterpret laws passed by
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