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Word Count: 492
The definition of Psychotherapy is a treatment of mental or emotional disorder or of related bodily ills by psychological means There are three different types of psychotherapy which are used today First there is the method that was based upon Freuds concepts psychoanalysis This therapy makes use of things such as free association interpretation transference alriaction insight and working through The second method is a group of therapies which try to correct behavioral problems First in the group is desensitation which is a counter-conditioning process Then there is anxiety hierarchy by which the client ranks his or her anxiety Next there is assertive training that helps the person develop better coping techniques Positive reinforcement which is the same thing that most parents use for their own children is when there is praise given for new skill Last there is cognitive training where the persons thoughts and expectations are trained to mediate a behavioral change The last method is also a group of different therapies but it mainly consists of a therapy that was developed by Carl Rogers Mr Rogers therapy is client-centered which comes from the idea that the client is the best expert on himself and capable of working out solutions to his or her problems The client-centered therapy is what is used in what is called group therapy but the only difference is that the clients problems are worked out in the presence of others This detail helps to save time and to show the client that they are not alone When Mr Rogers started using the idea he used it to resolve emotional problems but it has expanded to include teaching clients how to deal with others There are three types of groups encounter groups T-groups and family therapy groups There are also other approaches to the client-oriented therapy such as the electric approach and plactbo approach The electric approach is selecting from different techniques for individual clients Then there is plactbo
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