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THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTERS IN UKRAINE AND THE FORMER USSR The government and the authorities had paid serious attention to the development of the computer industry right after the Second World War The leading bodies considered this task to be one of the principal for the national economy Up to the beginning of the 1950s there were only small productive capacities which specialized in the producing accounting and account-perforating punching machines The electronic numerical computer engineering was only arising and the productive capacities for it were close to the naught The first serious steps in the development of production base were made initially in the late 1950s when the work on creating the first industry samples of the electronic counting machines was finished and there were created M-20 Ural-1 Minsk-1 which together with their semi-conductor successors M-220 Ural-11-14 Minsk-22 and Minsk-32 created in the 1960s were the main ones in the USSR until the computers of the third generation were put into the serial production that is until the early 1970s In the 1960s the science-research and assembling base was enlarged As the result of this measures all researches connected with creating and putting into the serial production of semi-conductor electronic computing machines were almost finished That allowed to stop the production of the first generation machines beginning from the 1964 Next decades the whole branch of the computer engineering had been created The important steps were undertaken to widen the productive capacities for the 3d generation machines EIEV THE HOMECITY OF MESM ESM was conceived by SALebedev to be a model of a Big Electronic Computing Machine BESM At first it was called the Model of the Big Electronic Computing Machine but later in the process of its creation there appeared the evident expediency of transforming it in a small computer For that reason there were added the impute-output devices magnetic drum storage the register capacity was enhanced and the word Model
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