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DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY DEFINITION OF PSYCHOLOGY Defining psychology is not easy because of both its wide scope of its concerns and the philosophical difference among its practitioners But according to psychologists Psychology could be defined as the science of human and animal behaviour it includes the application of this science to human problems INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY Psychology the scientific study of behaviour and the mind This definition contains three elements The first is that psychology is a scientific enterprise that obtains knowledge through systematic and objective methods of observation and experimentation Second is that psychologists study behaviour which refers to any action or reaction that can be measured or observedsuch as the blink of an eye an increase in heart rate or the unruly violence that often erupts in a mob Third is that psychologists study the mind which refers to both conscious and unconscious mental states These states cannot actually be seen only inferred from observable behaviour Many people think of psychologists as individuals who dispense advice analyse personality and help those who are troubled or mentally ill But psychology is far more than the treatment of personal problems Psychologists strive to understand the mysteries of human naturewhy people think feel and act as they do Some psychologists also study animal behaviour using their findings to determine laws of behaviour that apply to all organisms and to formulate theories about how humans behave and think With its broad scope psychology investigates an enormous range of phenomena learning and memory sensation and perception motivation and emotion thinking and language personality and social behaviour intelligence infancy and child development mental illness and much more Furthermore psychologists examine these topics from a variety of complementary perspectives Some conduct detailed biological studies of the brain others explore how we process information others analyse the role of evolution and still others
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