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PYSCHOLOGY ASSESSMENT PART 1 APRIL 2004 A There are different models and theories of the psychological model of mind But among these all I preferred Freuds theory the most Sigmund Freuds theories of personality are the best known of all psychological theories and the most controversial as well It was Freud who asserted that reason does not rule behavior It was his supposition that unconscious psychological forces were a strong force affecting individual thought and behavior He stated that these forces originate in the emotions of childhood and continue to affect an individual throughout their lifetime In his view man was driven by primal instincts of the unconsciousness and it was these instincts that lead to our greatest achievements as well as to our worst side like poverty war crime and mental illness Freud postulated three levels of mind the conscious mind the preconscious mind and the unconscious mind He felt that our conscious mind only accounted for a small portion of the totality of the self and the vast unconscious mind accounted for the rest Bethel 2004 Freud believed that much of the unconscious content that affects humans is made up of inherited primal fantasies based on phylogenic experiences that is fantasies that are species based not individual based Freuds main interests lay in understanding how personal experience shaped and formed the unconscious mind It was his assertion that this formative pressure occurred through a process known as repression Freuds hedonic hypothesis stipulated that people seek pleasure and avoid pain It was also Freud who initiated the concepts of the id ego and the super-ego Bethel 2004 The id is primarily concerned with biological drives and survival and is nearly always unconscious It operates by the pleasure principle and is hedonistic that is it seeks to satisfy urges and reduce tensions Freud theorized that the id is the structure of
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