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Word Count: 1,497
In Book IV of The Republic Socrates has gone on a bit of a digression He has done this for the sake of proving his argument as to what constitutes the ideal city In order to do this Socrates feels that he and Glaucon must evaluate the individual citizen specifically the mind and soul of the individual citizen A city in itself is nothing more than a city it is the individuals within it who make it just or unjust If it can be proven that the individual is a just person and has a well-ordered soul than the same can be said for the city as a whole Socrates successfully argues that the soul is made up of three parts which are reason appetite and spirit He effectively demonstrates the proper relationship that these three parts must have with one another in order for the soul to be regarded as just Socrates believes that the soul is comprised of three parts but before he goes into his explanation of the these three parts he feels it necessary to make sure that Glaucon agrees with him that the soul has more than one part He accomplishes this by the simple view that it is impossible for something to be performing two opposite actions at the same time No same thing can be do or undergo opposites at the same time in the same respect and in relation to the same thing 436e-437a Common sense would ratify this statement but yet there are occurrences where this situation does in fact seem to be taking place To further the argument Socrates provides an example of a man moving his arms and head at the same time while standing still It would be improper to state that this man was moving and standing still at the same time The proper statement would be to say that one part of the person is standing still and another
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