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Word Count: 1,753
Concern for Education -Free schooling was the exception not the rule in British colonies -Many colonial leaders had a concern for education oAll major religious groups had education concerns Anglicans in Virginia and the Carolinas Catholics in Maryland Puritans in New England Quakers in Pennsylvania -Religious leaders constantly discussed means of ensuring education to the children in their respective areas -The emphasis upon reading the Bible and pious books was characteristic of the English Puritans also the Protestants oProtestants made individual biblical interpretation a central part of their religion -In most areas those who had the means to pay for instruction were expected to provide education for their children -New Englanders succeeded best in their efforts to create schools in which children of both the prosperous and the poor could gain the minimal essentials of education the other colonies struggled with the problem oNew England Advantages compact town life strong central government dominated by clergy who had firm opinions about training children in literacy and knowledge of the Bible Massachusetts Bay could see that all children be educated by persuasion or authority -Connecticut and other New England colonies except for Rhode Island followed Massachusetts -Agrarian colonies Virginia Maryland etc had the greatest difficulty in establishing schools low-mobility situations -When one surveys the difficulties the amazing fact is not that most schools were poor and few but that so many colonial Americans somehow obtained the rudimentary elements of an education -Within 10 years after the settlement of Jamestown colonial authorities were making efforts towards creating schools oKing James sent instructions to the bishops to collect money to put towards schools oThe Virginia Company set aside 10000 acres for the creation of a university at Henrico and 1000 acres to support a college for the conversion of non-Christians oPlans were scrapped because the Indian Massacre of 1622 nearly wiped out the colony oThe earliest school in Virginia to survive was established by Benjamin Symmes a planter
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