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Psychology essays a With reference to psychodynamics precisely what cultural factors contributed to its development and support the argument that psychological theorys must always take into account the way cultural factors have contibuted to its development Our culture shapes many of our most distinctive psychological features as people Culture is a complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society It is therefore only natural that our intelectual works be greatly influenced by our social sorroundings Even more so in psychology Being psychology the study of personality and behavior in terms of various conscious and unconscious mental or emotional processes It is therefore adecute to say that first observations may be open to distorions and second it means that theories tend to reflect the mental sheme of the theorists Having understood the relation between culture and psychology it is now important to state the cultural factors which have contributed to the development of psychodynamics However we must first understand the thoery itself The psychodynamic approach attempts to understand behaviour in terms of the working of the mind with an emphasis on motivation and the role of past experience This approach was pioneered by Sigmund Freud This theory emphasizes the importance of innate drives the continuety of normal and abnormal behaiour and the role of the unconsouce mind Freuds thoery of personality accounts for behaviour in terms of the dynamic relationships of the id ego and superego He described development in terms of five psychosexual stages distinguishing them by shifts in the mode of gratification oral anal phallic latency and genital Each stage is marked by particular challanges and conflicts of these the oedipal conflict is perhaps the most significant in terms of later development As one can realize Freuds theory is largly based on instictual intra-personal psychological processes We shall now investigate
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