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4 February 2000 The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Thesis In the past juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders The juvenile justice system has changed in the past 100 years as result of several case laws IIntroduction IIThe first juvenile courts AParens Patriae BUniform Juvenile Court Act IIIKent v United States ABrief BResult IVIn Re Gault ABrief BResult VIn Re Winship ABrief BResult VIMcKeiver v Pennsylvania ABrief BResult VIIBreed v Jones ABrief BResult VIIISchall v Martin ABrief BResult IXConclusion Directed Study 4 February 2000 The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Three women simultaneously have their purse snatched on three different streets The ages of the offenders are 12 16 and 19 years Police arrest all three Will all three offenders be processed in the same manner The answer is no In the past juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders The juvenile justice system has changed in the past years as a result of several landmark US Supreme Court decisions Samaha 593 During the England common law period a child became an adult at age seven Juveniles who violated the law were subject to the same punishments as adults The punishment for violating the law included whipping mutilation banishment and death In the 1500s England passed statues known as poor laws Poor laws provided overseers to govern destitute and neglected children as servants Children were forced to work as adults in agricultural trade or domestic service Sweatshops mines and factories were the three most common work places for children Senna 622 In the 1600s and 1700s the Elizabethan poor laws became the model for dealing with juveniles These laws created a system of church wardens and overseers who identified delinquent and neglected children then put them to work The Justice of the Peace gave the overseers and church wardens the
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