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MITOCHONDRIAL DISEASES The mitochondrion is the energy manufacturer of the cell It is equivalent to the engine of a car These tiny biological machines combine the food we eat with oxygen to produce energy to keep our bodies going The energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in the form of a chemical called Adenosine triphosphate ATP The mitochondria is involved in making of steroid hormones and DNA Each cell in the body contains an average of five hundred to two thousand mitochondria When they are dysfunctional the body can develop energy crisis in the muscles tissues brain and the heart Examples of the mitochondria diseases include 1 AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS Autoimmune hepatitis is a type of chronic active hepatitis It is caused by cellular immune reactions A variety of circulating autoantibodies can be found in the blood og patients with chronic active hepatitis Other autoimmune diseases are thyroiditis diabetes mellitus and ulcerative colitis Its complications are liver cell failure cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and it is a disease rare in children SYMTOMS The symptoms for autoimmune hepatitis include dark urine loss of appetite fatigue abdominal distention and generalized itching and also absence of menstruation SIGNS AND TESTS Liver biopsy shows chronic active hepatitis Abnormal liver function tests PREVENTION Prevention of this disorder may not be possible Awareness of risk factors may allow early detection and treatment TREATMENT Prednisone or other corticoseriods help reduce the inflammation Azathioprine or mercaptopurines are drugs usually used to treat immune disorders Activity should be modified according to the symptoms In addition a well balanced diet promotes healing 2 PARKINSONS DISEASE Parkinsons disease occurs when certain nerve cells or neurons in an area of the brain become impaired It belongs to a group of conditions called motor system disorders Normally the brain produces a chemical called Dopamine and loss of this dopamine producing brain cells results in Parkinsons disease The disease is
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