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The Civil War yielded many changes However it is the collaboration of events before during and after that makes up our nations history This so called War between the States took place between 1861 and 1865 Over those four years over 500000 lives were lost and hundreds of thousands were crippled After Abraham Lincolns election in 1860 southerners knew their way of life was in danger Talk of secession spread rapidly in South Carolina Robert Barnwell Rhett and the fire-eaters held a convention on December 20th 1860 to decide on secession They voted unanimously to dissolve the union By February a new nation was proclaimed the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis was named as president Senator John J Crittendon of Kentucky submitted a proposal of an amendment that would protect slavery from federal interference in any state where it existed It was approved by congress On March 41861 Lincoln stated in his inaugural address that slavery would be permitted in states where it existed but soil in the territories would remain free He also said that secession was illegal and acts supporting it constituted insurrection Plain and simple the choice for the South was to return to the Union or face war On April 14th 1861 the Confederates demanded the surrender of Fort Sumter When they refused the Confederate forces opened fire forcing Major Robert Anderson to comply A compromise was not possible by this time however war was Lincoln responded with a call for 75000 state militiamen into federal service The Northern States were thoroughly roused While the Northerners were getting prepared the Upper South had an important decision to make Virginia home to many of the nations best military leaders had to choose the Union or the Confederacy By a vote of 88-55 Virginia favored the secession By now the war was in full swing Lincoln wanted an early victory while Davis was hoping for it to end in a
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