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Word Count: 937
In the eighth chapter of Civilization and its Discontents Sigmund Freud gives a conclusion of the entire book In the first place Freud acknowledges that discussions on the sense of guilt disrupt the whole subject of the book According to Freud the sense of guilt is the most important problem for development of civilization because civilization is actually responsible for loss of happiness and this loss increases the sense of guilt Sense of guilt places itself in consciousness easily and this dominates our lives Also Freud claims that in some cases sense of guilt remains unconscious After a time interval sense of guilt can be called as fear of super ego Although reason of sense of guilt is civilization its perceptible as unconscious Freud gives a brief conclusion about his terminology including super-ego conscience sense of guilt need for punishment and remorse in chapter 8 The super-ego is an internal voice coming from our own authority against aggression Conscience is the force of our mind against our aggressiveness against other individuals and judges the intentions of our ego The sense of guilt is perceived as discontent but its an accommodation between ego and super-ego Need for punishment is actually instinctual manifestation Remorse is a reaction which we show when we have the sense of guilt Sense of guilt exists in two ways the first one is the fear of the external authority and the other one is internal authority But in each case our aggressiveness which is the reason for sense of guilt is displaced inwards The existence phases of sense of guilt can be expressed like when our wishes are repressed then neurotic symptoms are created and then our aggressiveness is turned into sense of guilt This struggle can be seen between Eros and the death instinct First of them Eros is the source of life love creativity and sexuality and self-satisfaction The other one Death is the source of aggression destruction
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