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English Civil War and Glorious Revolution followed the Dutch revolt against Spain as the second of the Western Revolutions that ended absolute monarchy and finally led to democratic representative government As tradition had it that the English leaders in 1641-49 and 1688-89 that their acts were revolutionary Parliament chopped of the head of one king and replaced him by another because of the traditional liberties of England Statesmen and pamphleteers arguing for royalist parliamentary or radical principals made this a impressionable period of modern political thought The Three main theorists of the time Bishop Bossuet Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had similarities and differences between their beliefs Bishop Bossuet was a tutor to Louis XIVs son in the 1670s and the most religious and the main theorist of the kings absolutism He believed that the royal power is absolute That the king does not even need to give an account of his day to anyone and so it is not possible for writers to try to write about the confusing subjects of absolute government and arbitrary government In addition he believed that if the king does not have absolute power he is not able to conduct a advantageous act for the state or put down evil and rebellions The king he believed is not a private person but a public one which has the state and will of people with him As all perfection and all strength is united in God so all the power of individuals is united in the person of the prince He found it magnifying that one man could manifest so much control and power Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher and political theorist and one of the first modern Western thinkers to provide a non-religious justification for the political state Hobbes wrote the Leviathan which distilled the political insights of the civil war Hobbes saw in humanity a perpetual and restless desire of power after power He believed that
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