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The eruption of the English Civil War in 1642 was the culminating result of political conflict coupled with nationalistic resentment of the English Crown and Parliament towards each other and the various powers each exercised The English Revolution was initiated by King Charles I with the calling of Long Parliament and proceeded through two civil wars the trial and execution of a king the republican experiments of Oliver Cromwell and eventually the restoration of King Charles II While many events contributed to the English Revolution it is fair to say that no one event is solely responsible for its existence Though not entirely a spiritual conflict the English revolution marks the first of the so-called great revolutions Religion while definitely making its presence felt prior to and during the English Civil War is only one of many aspects that had a direct impact upon the creation and direction of the war To some degree the English Civil War seemed to reflect Englands resentment toward its former Scottish Kings James and Charles This struggle for the constitution could be seen as either a conflict of ideologies absolutism versus constitutionalism or as a struggle for power between rival institutions monarchy and parliament competing for the position of ultimate authority in the English state The question of sovereignty in the English State and Puritans in the Church were the problems that seemed paramount during this time At its earliest roots the English Civil War can be traced back many years before its actual occurrence Because the English Crown was left without an heir after the death of Queen Elizabeth James VI of Scotland ascends the English throne becoming King James I Many Parliament members resented the fact that a Scottish King has now become their king James was an absolute ruler and a believer in divine right Because of his autocratic behavior James frequently offended Parliament Despite these various offenses James managed to avoid
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