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The enormous impact of the Civil War on our nation will probably never be determined but would never have been possible without the stand of the Confederate States of America The independence of the Confederate States commenced by the withdrawal of the State of South Carolina from the Union of the United States The ordinance of secession was passed on December 20 1860 by a unanimous vote The withdrawal of South Carolina from the Union was followed successively by the states of Florida Mississippi Alabama Georgia and Louisiana A convention of delegates from these six seceding states assembled in Congress at Montgomery Alabama to organize a Provisional Government on the 4th day of February 1861 The Hon R M Barnwell of South Carolina was appointed temporary chairman Forty-three men of these six southern states adopted the Constitution of the Confederate States of America on Friday February the 8th The following day Congress proceeded to the election of President and Vice-President The Hon Jefferson Davis of Mississippi President and the Hon Alexander H Stephens of Georgia Vice-President were elected by unanimous vote They were sworn in on February 18th 1861Clarke 1314 Davis who had been elected President actually wanted to be appointed General in the Confederate Army He was a graduate of West Point fought as a Colonel of Mississippi Rifles in the Mexican War and was Secretary of War He was pleased however when he was informed that he would be the President of a fledgling nation When Davis had attended West Point he had clearly read in his textbooks that any state had the right to secede However before leaving his US Senate seat he wanted to compromise Davis knew that if the South declared independence a war was immanent Davis pointed out that the South was not the first to consider secession The states composing New England had three times considered secession Once during the War of 1812 once during the
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