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Running head PREGNANCY LIFE STAGEPregnancy Life Stage 1 Pregnancy Life Stage SCI160 University of Phoenix July 25 2000 Melissa Dolewa Pregnancy Life Stage Does nutrition status affect fertility Good overall nutrition rather than eating any specific food greatly improves your chances of conceiving a child For women nutrient deficiencies and low-calorie diets at one extreme and obesity at the other can disrupt ovulation Poor nutrition can also have an impact on male fertility In order to get pregnant doctors recommend that both women and men eat healthy exercise and keep a positive mental attitude to increase chances of fertilization Eating healthy exercise and keeping a positive mental attitude are equally important during pregnancy and after pregnancy According to wwwfamilyinternetcom carrying a baby for nine months and then providing it with breast milk afterward is a major nutritional stress on a womans body Food intake increases only 15-20 but requirements for specific nutrients such as folic acid zinc and certain B vitamins may increase by 30-100 In addition less than optimal nutrition can result in low-birth weight babies with increased risk of heart disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes as adults wwwchildbirth-connectionscom Both over-eating and under-eating can adversely affect the qualities and quantities of breast milk which is explained further under Dietary Requirements During Pregnancy During pregnancy nutrients are passed from mother to fetus through the placenta and after birth through breast-milk The main vitamins and nutrients needed by mother and fetus is explained in the chart below NutrientVitaminAmount NeededBenefitSource ProteinNeed for pregnant women is increased by 10 to 15 grams daily 1 glass of milk contains 8 grams of proteinForms structural basis for all new cells and tissues for both the mother and fetuswwwtdhtxus Texas Department of Health Carbohydrates50-100 gdailyPrevents ketosis which during pregnancy can cause brain damage to the fetuswwwtdhtxus Pregnancy Life Stage NutrientVitaminAmount NeededBenefitSource Folate400-800 micrograms dailyPrevents anemia
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