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In his article Evil and Omnipotence JL Mackie discusses the challenge to religious belief known as the problem of evil What is this problem According to Mackie perhaps the most important proposed solution to the problem of evil is that evil is not to be ascribed to God at all but to the independent actions of human beings supposed to have been endowed by God with freedom of the willMackie 93 Explain how the existence of free will is thought by many theists to solve the problem of evil Mackie raises several objections against the free will solution We also examined some related objections in class Couldnt we all have been made a bit more in Mother Theresas mold Couldnt God have arranged things so that humans find evil less tempting than they currently do If it is possible to imagine a heaven in which people do no do evil doesnt this show that there can be free will without anyones doing evil Pick the one or two objections that you believe is are the most effective objections How might a theist reply Would Mackie or any other non-theist have a convincing counter-reply Explain your answersThe quest to find out who we are where we came from where we will go after we die and what if anything controls our world has fascinated mankind throughout the centuries Famous philosophers have devoted their whole lives to developing theories and yet the closest any have come to success has been to not have their theories disproved One of such theories is the challenge to religious belief known as evil JL Mackie was one of the major philosophical opponents of religion in the twentieth century Mackie claims that theism is logically inconsistent thus irrational in the combining of these three judgmentsThe problem of Evil in the sense in which I shall be using the phrase is a problem only for someone who believes that there is a God
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