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Abstract The following focuses on atal Hyk with an emphasis on the female figurines that have been found at the site The figurines originally interpreted as being religious idols for a Goddess cult vary in size shape and quality of design The discussion that follows stems from this evidence After a brief introduction to the site and the excavations at the site I summarize Mellaarts original interpretations of the figurines Following this several other more recent interpretations of the figurines are presented I hope to analyse the data and come to a conclusion as to whether or not there is sufficient evidence to support Mellaarts idea that a Goddess cult existed at this site atal Hyk is a key site in the study of early urban centres in the Near East located in present day Turkey The site which dates to the early Neolithic is one of the earliest sites where evidence for early agriculture and large-scale settlement has been found Wolle 2002 The 32 acre 13 hectares site was densely occupied Wolle 2002 and it has been estimated that the site supported anywhere from 1650 to 10000 people at one time Gates 1996284 Current estimates put the sites population near 5000 based upon the density of houses across the site and by an estimation that four people occupied one house Wolle 2002 The site is best known for its spectacular wall paintings and figurines that were uncovered inside the houses Wolle 2002 The site dating to around 9400 - 8400 years ago exhibits incredible preservation which has led so much attention toward the it Wolle 2002 Nine thousand years ago visitors approaching the site from across a vast marshy plain would have seen hundreds of mud brick dwellings Gates 1996284 The rectangular flat-roofed houses all shared walls that resulted in a honeycomb design with few ground level doors or streets Gates 1996284 Instead houses were entered from a roof top entrance and may
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