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The Five-Factor Model originated in Allport and Odberts attempt to compile trait-related terms Researchers became dissatisfied with the trait like differences in adaptational styles Investigators focused on situational based approaches that offered greater flexibility in explaining specific person-environment transactions Webb studied the earlier work of Spearman and his General Factor g of intelligence Webb found a second factor Will w Later Garnett analyzed Webbs correlation and found a third factor Cleverness c By 1919 three broad factors accounted for individual differences Intellect g Conscientiousness w and Extraversion c to give the Webb-Garnett factors their current Supporters of the Five Factor Model imply that personality can be understood in terms of the five broad traits of adjustment extraversion conscientiousness agreeableness and combination of imagination and curiosity Personality researchers have used different theoretical perspectives in the past decade known as the Five-Factor Model--Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Agreeableness and Conscientiousness A rearrangement of the beginning letters makes it easier to remember the five factors--OCEAN The NEO-PI NEO-Personal Inventory is designed to measure the basic five factors of personality Neuroticism Extraversion and Openness were the first focus of the factors The NEO-PI consists of 181 items on which subjects indicate on a 5 point scale strongly disagree to strongly agree whether the statement is a characteristic or representation of them names Support for the five-factor model comes from three main areas the factor analysis of trait terms in language the relation of trait questionnaires to other questionnaires and ratings and the analysis of genetic inherited contributions to personality Glossary Big Five- In trait factor theory the five major trait categories emotionality activity and sociability factors Five-factor model- A suggestion of five basic factors to human personality neuroticism extraversion openness agreeableness and conscientiousness Fundamental lexical hypothesis- The hypothesis that over time the most important individual differences in human interaction have been encoded as single terms into language OCEAN- The acronym for the five basic traits openness conscientiousness extraversion agreeableness and neuroticism
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