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To what extent can findings from obedience research be applied beyond the research setting Obedience can be defined as complying with the wishes of an authortive figure thus limiting their levels of responsibility This can be shown on many levels from something as everyday as a child obeying its parents to more shocking levels of obedience such as the horrific destruction of millions of Jews in the Second World War It had been said after the Second World War that Germans have a basic character defect which allowed them to obey the demands of Hitler when he was at his most powerful This was called the Fascism Scale F Scale and said that obedience was abnormal It was to do with a persons disposition to whether they would be obedient or not A psychologist called Milgram 1974 set out to prove this theory wrong using one of the most controversial experiments in the last fifty years where a participant was required to believe that he had killed another living person Advertisements were made in a local newspaper which asked for volunteers for a memory experiment which would take place at Yale University it would take about an hour and there would be a payment of 450 for the participants time The advertisement called for people from all areas of life From Factory workers to Businessmen and Salespeople to Professional people When the subjects arrived at the University a man who introduced himself as Jack Williams the experimenter greeted them Also present was a Mr Wallace who was supposedly another participant in the experiment Mr Wallace was actually an assistant of Milgram Everything after the real participants arrival was carefully planned and scripted The subject and Mr Wallace were told that the experiment was to test the effects of punishment on learning One of them was to be the teacher and the other was to be the learner They both had
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