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Word Count: 631
Subject Dylan Thomas father had been a robust militant man most of his life and when in his eighties he became blind and weak his son was disturbed seeing his father become soft or gentle In the poem Thomas is rousing his father to continue being the fierce man he had previously been Literary devices The form on the poem is a villanelle with a rhyme scheme alternating night and day Good night is a metaphor and a pun Dying of the light is a metaphor Old age should burn and rave in line two is a combination of metonymy and personification Close of day is a metaphor Burn in that same line is used metaphorically as is dark in line four In line five their words had forked no lightning is metaphorical Line eight Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay employs personification and metaphor Line ten Wild men who sang the sun in flight is exaggeration and metaphor Line 11 they grieved it on its way is also exaggeration and metaphor Line 13 Grave is a pun blinding sight is an oxymoron Line 14 Blind eyes could blaze like meteors is a simile Line 17 Curse bless me now with your fierce tears I pray is a paradox Commentary A villanelle is a French poetic form that originally served as a vehicle for pastoral simple and light verse That Thomas would employ that form for the subject of death enhances the irony of beseeching a dying person to rage No doubt the poet also chose this form because of the repetition of the important lines Do not go gentle into that good night and Rage rage against the dying of the light and because of the tight formal structure of the form The subject matter which is the command to the father not to accept death so easily
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