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Word Count: 799
The formation of the Delian League - with Athens at its head - came about due to a complex of factors among which was the fear of the imminent return of Persia Despite the victory Greece had against Persia in 479 BC the Greek attitude toward Persia after this victory was still one of fear The Persians had essentially set a precedent for the Greeks they kept coming back This fear was not unjustified it was rather based in reality as the Persians did indeed come back later on more than one occasion Hammond wrote that the differences between Sparta and Athens were overshadowed by the common danger Persia It is reasonable to believe that mainland Greece might have been seen as the safest part of Greece after the war against the Medes because the mainland states were the farthest away from Persia In the Eastern Aegean the states that had rebelled against the Persians before would probably have felt a great deal of trepidation If this is true those states must have felt desperation for continued protection from the mainland The fear of Persia was not of course the only reason for the formation of the League The allies on the eastern Aegean and their own fears and feelings had much bearing on the formation of the new League Thucydides asserts that Pausanias had become arrogant and unpopular with the Hellenes Pausanias was trying to set himself up as a dictator Thucydides also says that Pausanias was charged with collaboration with the Persians Plutarch says that Pausanias and the other Spartan commanders behaved harshly and offensively to the allies as well as treated the allied commanders with arrogance and ill temper Surely the allies would have been less than impressed with Spartas performance as leader In the Eastern Aegean the topographical realities made the allies in that area vulnerable to the Persian navy Thus it
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