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The Superior Philosophic Life The Republic by Plato What is a philosopher How does a philosopher as a person differ from other types of people What makes the philosophic life superior to all others What are the concepts of the Divided Line and The Forms that Socrates talks about in Platos Republic In The Republic Socrates argues that the philosophic life is superior to all others and should be spent ruling states because philosophers have a passion for knowledge understand abstract ideas and have the four Cardinal Virtues Socrates explains to his listeners that philosophers have a love of knowledge This is called philosophical temperament He also defines a philosopher as someone who loves wisdom and the truth When he defines the parts of a polis the Guardians who are rulers or auxiliary and the craftsmen he assigns wisdom to be the dominant force behind the rulers Since philosophers are the lovers of knowledge who better than them to be the rulers of the polis There are three basic types of men and each finds pleasure in seeking wisdom success or gainsatisfaction The seeker of wisdom is the philosopher Socrates explains that since the philosopher has lived all three lives where as the other two men have never lived the philosophic life the philosopher is the better person to judge which life is better When he judges that the philosophic life is best Socrates takes it as fact In order for the philosophic man to rule the polis he needs special education to learn about abstract ideas and the highest forms of knowledge Understanding abstract ideas basically puts philosophers above the common man in his intelligence The Republic talks about many of these ideas The Divided Line is a scale to show a persons level of wisdom or understanding There are four rungs on this ladder and the two lowest forms of wisdom fall under
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