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Word Count: 870
Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31st 1732 in Rohrau Austria near Hungary His father Mathias Haydn was a wagoner and a sexton at his parish and his mother Elizabeth was a simple and humble woman During the evening Mathias would play the harp and Elizabeth would sing to their children One day his father noticed him scraping two sticks of wood against each other simulating a imitating a violin His father was determined to give his son as much musical training as he could He had asked the choirmaster Johann Mathias Frankh to teach the six-year-old boy the violin and harpsichord After two years he was taken into the choir at St Stephens Cathedral Vienna where he sang from around 1740 to 1750 The chapel-master Reutter neglected and often mistreated young Haydn When Haydn turned 17 his voice broke being of little use to the church He was eventually dismissed from the choir and bitter days followed for Haydn He had no money no friends and no home He was forced to sleep in the streets the first night away from the church Then one of his peers from St Stephens pitied him and gave him temporary shelter Soon after he found some pupils and a few engagements as a violinist He also studied much of Philip Emanuel Bachs sonatas In a short while he had composed a mass which attracted some attention bringing in some commission Then Haydn became acquainted with a famous singer Michael Porpora who worked for the Venetian ambassador to Vienna Porpora made Haydn his accompanist and through this Haydn got the opportunity to meet several magnificent composers in Vienna Joseph Haydn composed his first string quartet in 1755 in which he inherited this form of composition from Boccherini This form of composition intrigued Haydn and for the next few months he composed one string quartet after another After listening to these quartets von Furnberg recommended
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