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Word Count: 284
The French sociologists holistic approach during the eighteenth and nineteenth century were much concerned with the nature of society and of the human social institutions Their interests lay rather in what human society essentially is than in the history of its development either generally or in particular cases Thus Comte like his predecessor and teacher Saint Simon was much concerned to stress that societies are systems not just aggregates of individuals Since the societies were look at as systems they must be made up of interrelated parts And they believed that these parts must be related to one another and to the whole society of which they were parts in accordance with laws similar to the laws of nature which in principle at least it should be possible to discover So the understanding of society like the understanding of the physical organism was to be achieved by discovering the laws of social organization which operated to maintain the whole structure This organismic approach to the study of human societies had some limitations and can be dangerously misleading The organic approach reached its most sophisticated expression in the writing of the French sociologist mile Durkhiem who is one of the most figures in social anthropology With Durkhiem sociology had become in France a seminal discipline that broadened and transformed the study of law of economics of Chinese institutions of linguistics of ethnology of art history and of history Durkhiems nephew Marcel Mauss was less systematic than he was and paid greater attention to symbolism as an unconscious activity of the mind Claude Lve-Strauss combines reasoning with intensity of feeling also offered corrections to Durkhiems views Acknowledgment 1Other Cultures 1966 John Beattie 2Brittiania Volume four P 295 2b
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