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Word Count: 883
In 5th century BCE Athens was at its golden age Drama sculpting poetry philosophy architecture and science all reached new and exciting peaks From 480 to 430 BC Athens was continually productive and successful All these advances took place with the help of Pericles an Athenian statesman with a collection of perceptions Pericles lead to the addition of the acropolis Acropolis was a term originally applied to any fortified natural stronghold or citadel in ancient Greece The typical acropolis was constructed on a hill or eminence rising precipitously from the surrounding region Because of the protection thus afforded the area adjacent to the base of the hill frequently became the site of a city Meetings concerning public issues were discussed there The acropolis was primarily a place of refuge Pericles brought about a new age of architecture during Athens golden age The Parthenon was on the Acropolis in Athens It was a Doric temple of Athena Built in the 5th century BC it is the masterpiece of Greek architecture Athena was a very important aspect of Athens Daughter of Zeus she was the Greek goddess of wisdom war and peace She also was the protector of Athens A 39 ft statue was built in her honor Athens strove for arete They believed that Athena could help them achieve the level of excellence they strove for In Athenian politics early developments of democracy surfaced Pericles sought to enable all citizens to take an active part in the government Payment of citizens for their services to the state was introduced and members of the council were chosen by lot from the entire body of Athenians It was the first version of democracy that where males could vote and where tyranny and monarchy succeeded Architecture was an important region of growth in Athens Phidias was an Athenian sculptor of the classical period He designed with outstanding qualities are perfection of form and expression of a profound
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