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Word Count: 422
Since the beginning of the government people gained and lost their jobs whenever a new president took office These jobs were political pay-offs for people who supported them Many people did not take their jobs too seriously because they knew they would be out of their office soon As Henry Clay put it government officials after an election are like the inhabitants of Cairo when the plague breaks out no one knows who is next to encounter the stroke of death Over the years the flaws that were made and the problems that resulted became more obvious After an election you could open a newspaper and find many advertisements which offered government jobs that were filled before the election On January 16 1883 the US legislation established a law which gave employment based on merit rather than on political party affiliation that leads to corruption in the government system Widespread public demand for reform in the government was stirred after the Civil War by accusations of incompetence corruption and theft in federal departments After a guy who was refused an office job that he was capable of assassinated President James A Garfield in 1881 civil service reform became a leading issue in the elections of 1882 In January 1883 Congress passed a comprehensive civil service bill sponsored by Senator George H Pendleton providing for the open selection of government employees and guaranteeing the right of citizens to compete for federal jobs without regard to politics religion race or national origin The new law covered only about 10 percent of the positions in the federal government but nearly every president after Chester A Arthur who signed the bill into law broadened its scope By 1980 more than 90 percent of federal employees were protected by the act The Pendleton Civil Service Act classified certain jobs removed them from the ranks and set up a Civil Service Commission to oversee a system based on merit and not
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