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Are Groups Riskier Decision Makers than Individuals A group is defined as two or more employees who interact with each other in such a manner that the behavior andor performance of a member is influenced by the behavior andor performance of other members Gibson Ivancevich Donnelly Jr 2000 p 201 Groups are formed for various reasons Some reasons involve needs proximity attraction goals and economics Groups have many characteristics These characteristics include the structure status hierarchy roles norms leadership cohesiveness and inter group conflict Gibson Ivancevich Donnelly Jr 2000 p 206-210 Whether decisions should be made by individuals or by groups is an issue that management faces in todays workforce Research has shown there are benefits to both individuals and groups making decisions however support leans towards groups being less risky decision-makers Structure is one characteristic of groups and within any group some type of structure will form over a period of time Group members are differentiated on the basis of such factors as expertise aggressiveness power and status each member occupies a position within the group The pattern of relationships among the positions constitutes a group structure Members of a group evaluate each positions prestige status and importance to the group Gibson et al 2000 p 206 Status hierarchy is formed within all groups and is assigned to a particular position typically as a consequence of certain characteristics that differentiate one position from other positions Status is assigned to people within a group usually based on job seniority age or ability Each person in a group structure has an associated role that consists of the expected behaviors of the occupant of that position In addition to expected roles what the job title entails and what is expected from that person according to the job title there are a perceived role and an enacted role The perceived role is the set of behaviors that a person is a position believes he or
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