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Word Count: 1,676
In Hemingways For Whom the Bell Tolls the recurring images of the horse and the airplane illustrate one of the major themes of the novel The novels predominant theme is the disintegration of the chivalric order of the Old Spanish World as it is being replaced by the newer technology and ideology of the modern world As a consummate artist Hemingway in a manner illustrating the gothic quality of his work allows the bigger themes of For Whom the Bell Tolls to be echoed in the smaller units He employs the tropes of the horse and the airplane to convey these larger themes while at the same time using them to comment upon the complex relationship that exists between the Spaniards - Fascists and Communists alike - and religion Through a close reading and through detailed references to the work it is the purpose of this paper to examine the tropes of horses and planes as they exist in For Whom the Bell Tolls placing a special emphasis on religion The frequent occurrence of the images of the horse and the airplane is not purely accidental for Hemingway is using these tropes to support his bigger theme In For Whom the Bell Tolls Hemingway uses the horse to represent the aristocratic hierarchy of the Old World dating back to the Middle Ages while he uses the airplane to represent the invasion of Spain by modern technology and ideologies The most powerful and moving illustration of the use of these images to symbolize this changing of orders occurs in Chapter 27 which proves the importance of the horse and plane images and what they represent Hemingway uses the tropes of the horse and the airplane to symbolically portray the two contrasting views of the war held by the small bands of Spaniards and the Fascist powers As the Spaniards who stay medieval far longer than the rest of Europe are closely tied to the ancient chivalric
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