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Word Count: 1,194
Thomas More was a very devoted Catholic who was put on trial for treason in the 16th century because he refused to acknowledge Henry VIII as the ruler of the world above everyone including the Church Mansouri 040400 He was declared guilty of reason for which he was beheaded However twenty years before his death he wrote a novel titled Utopia The word utopia means a good non-existent place In other words Thomas More wrote the novel Utopia to portray his idea of an ideal society that would never come into being Thomas Mores Utopia serves as a response to the ideal society depicted in Platos Republic in which he further formulates Platos most ingenious ideas Mansouri 040400 Both Thomas Mores Utopia and Platos Republic contain a description of the perfect state concerning class structure the role of education and the nature of governing However they do so for different reasons Thomas More wrote Utopia to form the most civilized nation of the world Mansouri 040400 Whereas Plato who lived during a period of Humanism wrote the Republic as a philosophical work Plato was not interested in defining the perfect state rather he uses the state as a large-scale picture of the soul in his search for the perfect soul Mansouri 040400 The Utopian Society is almost egalitarian Mansouri 040400 However Platos Republic is a state of three classes that consist of a guardian class an auxiliary class and the masses of people More focuses on Platos guardian class in constructing the Utopian Society The guardian class lives together in camps sharing their property and their earnings from the society as a whole The guardian class is an egalitarian society but only within the class Although the Utopian Society is not entirely classless it best resembles the guardian class For in the Utopian Society everyone gets plenty of everything thats needed for a comfortable life More 76-77 After all when the head of a household
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