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Organizations of one form or another are a necessary part of our society and serve many important needs within it An organisation is a form of human association for the attainment of common purpose by combining the talents and efforts of it members Northcraft 1990 pg 29 People within the organisation work for a number of different reasons Some being for a paid wage and others for job satisfaction and for security later in life Without work there is no product or services to provide Steer 1995 pg 6 However within the organisation individuals and groups behave in certain ways individuals are motivated by different incentives Organisational behaviour is the study if individuals and groups in organisations Schermerhorn 1995 pg 2 Organisational behaviour adopts a contingency approach rather than assuming that there is one universal way to managing people Schermerhorn 1995 pg 4 The contingency approach seeks to analyze a problem and then develop the best managerial or organisational solution to meet it Buchanan 1997 pg 416 It is important to understand how an organisation functions and the influences they exercise over the behaviour of people This essay will discuss what organisational behaviour consists of and why it is studied An organisational structure is the system of arrangements the pattern or network of relations between the various positions and their holders Buchanan 1997 pg 297 An organisation structure usually consists of a hierarchy of top management middle management supervisory management and the workers Within the organisation it is the managers functions according to Fayol is to plan think before taking action to organise set up policies and procedures that govern worker behaviour to staff supply a work force and to control this involves motivating directing and adjusting the efforts of the work forces in it pursuit of the organizations plans Northcraft 1990 pg 9 It is also the role of the manager to know what motivates individuals and understand what makes them behave
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