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John Adams the second president of the United States and Founding Father of the Constitution once said a division of the republic into two great partiessic is to be dreaded as the greatest political evil under our Constitution 2 He and other Founding Fathers both Republican and Federalist believed that political parties would breakdown the system of this new country However this notion did not remain In The Idea of a Party System Richard Hofstadter analyzes how and why leaders of America realized the importance of the political party after years of rejection In addition the book describes how the two-party system had subsequently gained popularity among the second-generation political leaders This paper examines how the creators of the Constitution who were also rejecters of the political party had unknowingly initiated its establishment Thomas Jefferson John Adams Ben Franklin Alexander Hamilton James Madison and George Washington were all Founding Fathers and famous Americans who believed that parties and sanctions could breakdown the new American system of government Throughout the construction of the Constitution the Founding Fathers never intended on making political parties a part of American government In fact George Washingtons Farewell Address was largely devoted to his warnings on political parties and the internal problems that could arise 2 The Fathers believed that party conflict could tear apart the unity of the government Why did these great thinkers believe this According to Hofstadter the writings of Henry Bolingbroke John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon had an influence on the beliefs of the Founding Fathers Bolingbroke helped describe the differences between factions and parties thus helping the Founding Fathers understand the distinction Moreover Bolingbrokes writings of Robert Walpole leader of Parliament in England explained how England did not want the Crown to fall to faction Trenchard and Gordons Catos Letters was written in scorn of an era where party conflicts were aggravated by religious ones 14 The two authors believed that parties were devious in
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